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Learn one Chinese Character a day - 足 (学习)

by sandodo(sandodo), 2016-04-28 09:48

published on wuwei.ca at 2016-04-28 09:48, topic link: http://wuwei.ca/index.php?id=39462

Looking at 足, now we can be pretty sure that it is related to foot, as its bottom part 止 hints. What does its upper part - 口 mean here?

To understand it fully, we need to check its Oracle Script - [image], with the help of Oracle Script of 疋 - [image]. Even Oracle Script of 正 - [image]can help as well.

Compring Oracle Script of 疋 - [image] to that of 足 - [image], we can see that 足 is drawing of a ankle plus foot. For 止 is no longer used to mean foot, 足 is then used in place of 止. So 足 now means foot.

Comparing Oracle Script of 正 - [image]with that of 足 - [image], they were so similar that some Chinese linguist argue that 足 and 正 used to be same character. For 正 has had its 口 part be simplified to a dash, 足 thus keeps 口 to differentiate it from 正.

There is more to get from drawing of 足. You might be surprised to know that 足 also has the meaning of enough. How can a foot be related to enough? Comparing Oracle Script of 足 - [image]to that of 止 - [image]again. We can see that 足 contains the meaning of walking towards a target place as 正 as well! Since 正 is to mean "marching to enemy place", 足 is then used to mean "marching back to hometown". A triumphant return means "the army has captured / plundered enough benefits", that is why 足 was also extended to mean enough. Make sense now?

Evolution history of a Chinese character can always be great help for our better understanding of it, as shown below. (Iamge take from www.vividict.com):
[image]

Now we have finished our learning of 足, it is time to enjoy a Chinese calligraphy to end our lesson today.

[image]
知足常足,终身不辱。
知止常止,终身不耻。

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http://www.singapurate.com/

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